Borneo Educational Journal (Borju) <p>Borneo Educational Journal (BORJU) by The Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Widya Gama Mahakam Samarinda University, which is published twice a year in <strong>February</strong> and <strong>August</strong>. The Journal ISSN Number for the online version is <span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><span style="font-family: helvetica; font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: helvetica; font-size: medium;">2655-9323</span></span></a></strong></span>. <strong>It contains original Research papers and Theoretical reviews or Conceptual Reviews on&nbsp;education in all countries throughout the world</strong>. The article is written in English Language and Bahasa Indonesia.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US <p><strong>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication</strong> with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href=""><strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</strong></a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p><img src="/public/site/images/borju/CC_BY2.png"></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> (Rinda Fitriana) (Dedi Rahman Nur) Mon, 19 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0700 OJS 60 The Improving Student’s Speaking Achievement By Using YouTube Media on New Normal Era <p>This study aimed to demonstrate an improvement in speaking achievement among class X-1 ITP Surabaya students for the academic year 2022–2023.&nbsp; Their inadequate verbal communication abilities are the issue.&nbsp; As a result, the researcher used YouTube media during engaging class activities to teach speaking.&nbsp; Classroom action research is the approach used in this study.&nbsp; actions that are repeated twice.&nbsp; Both qualitative and quantitative analyses of the study's findings were performed.&nbsp; According to the findings, using YouTube media helped students' oral communication achievement, which was demonstrated by their exam scores. In cycle 1, 36% of students passed the exam; in cycle 2, that number rose to 84%.&nbsp; Student involvement increases and their activities take center stage during the learning process, according to observational findings.&nbsp; Additionally, the survey reveals that students strongly agree that using YouTube media during class activities makes them happy.&nbsp; This demonstrates how students' speaking achievement improved when using YouTube media for learning</p> Endang Mastuti Rahayu, Mabruroh Mabruroh Copyright (c) 2023 Endang Mastuti Rahayu, Mabruroh Mabruroh Mon, 19 Jun 2023 01:09:13 +0700 Students’ Challenges in Translating Poetry <p>This article drawn from the local tracking study of how college students perceive the process of translating poetry. The aim of this study is to investigate the students’ challenge in translating poetry. The current study based upon the benefit of understanding poetry to build harmony in the society. Writers used descriptive qualitative research as the design of this study. The subject of the study were the sixth semester students of English Education Department of Universitas PGRI Semarang who had passed the Translation 1 subject and join the Translation 2 at the present time. The population of this study was 143 students in sixth semester. Writers then chose 20 students as the sample of this study. Students were assigned to translate English poem entitled ‘Huesca’ into Indonesian. The poem was written by John Conford, an American soldier who was endured on World War. After the assignment project, they were asked to respond the questionnaire related to the process of translating the poem and problems encountered. The finding revealed that most of students admitted that their biggest problem in poetry translation is associated with the linguistic difference. It refers to grammatical differences (source language and target language), lexical choices and meaning ambiguity. There were many factors behind the problems that encounter students in translating the English poem into Indonesian. Factors related to the culture, the use of figurative language, and the different structure between original poem and the target language are considered as main hindrances in translating literary works. The educational implication of the study is that our students need to be familiarized with literary works and its process of translation. However, since this study was only held in 2 months and had limited participants, the result of the study cannot be generalized. Further research, therefore, need to conduct by other researcher in order to get broader insight toward the theme</p> Rahmawati Sukmaningrum, Arso Setyaji, Faiza Hawa Copyright (c) 2023 Rahmawati Sukmaningrum, Arso Setyaji, Faiza Hawa Mon, 19 Jun 2023 08:25:19 +0700 Impact of Online Science Learning on Children Aged 5-6 During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case Study at Barunawati Kindergarten 3 Samarinda <p>The objective of this research is to provide a depiction of the effects of online science education on children between the ages of 5 and 6 amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, specifically in relation to the development of science learning abilities in this age group. This research aims to investigate the challenges and barriers encountered during the execution of science education for children aged 5–6 years at Barunawati 3 Samarinda Kindergarten. The research employs a case study methodology, which centers on the individuals involved in a particular teacher's online science learning case, as a means of adapting to crisis situations. The Barunawati 3 Samarinda Kindergarten has been accredited as "Good" based on the school's established criteria for evaluation. The study employed the interaction model proposed by Milles and Huberman to analyze the data collection methods, which included direct interviews, direct observation, and documentation, with a sample of one teacher, three parents, and three students. The findings indicate that the effects of incorporating online science education were facilitated via WhatsApp Video Calls and assignments completed by students with parental involvement. Additionally, the study examined student reactions during learning activities and the outcomes of instructional methods that did not employ digital learning resources. Hence, the findings of this research offer valuable insights for educational institutions to enhance their online science education programs, thereby facilitating a smooth transition of children to formal schooling.</p> Evie Palenewen, Tamara Dewi Audiya, Fachrul Rozie Copyright (c) 2023 Evie Palenewen, Tamara Dewi Audiya, Fachrul Rozie Tue, 27 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The Use of Snakes and Ladders Game to Improve Students’ Grammar at the Second Grade of Mts DDi Baru <p>The second graders of MTs DDI Baru face several issues in learning English. Those become obstacles for them to get good achievement in the subject. One of the most difficult issue for them is they could not even compose a simple sentence properly using basic tenses such as simple present and simple past tense. The researcher tried to use game-based learning, in this case, using Snakes and Ladders game to solve the problem. So that, this research aims to find out the significant effect of using of snakes and ladders game in improving students’ grammar ability. This research design applied research with one pre-test and one post-test design in the experimental and control class. From 5 classes, the researcher chose 2 classes as sample by using cluster random sampling. The data analysis result revealed that the post-test mean score (74.07) is greater than the pre-test mean score (37.24) in experimental class. The results of the t-test also confirm that the p-value is 0.001, or smaller than 0.05, whereas the t-value is 8.87 or greater than t-table 2.048. So, by considering the p and the t value, the reseacher withdraw conclusion that H₁ is accepted which states that the use of the Snakes and Ladders game can improve students’ grammar. However, another interesting finding reveals that there is also improvement of students’ scores in the control class but not as significant as in the experimental class. The mean score increased 15.86 points while in the experimental class it increased 36.83 points</p> Devi Triani, Rabiatul Adawiah, Nihla Afdaliah Copyright (c) 2023 Devi Triani, Rabiatul Adawiah, Nihla Afdaliah Wed, 30 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Writing a narrative text in Writing for Information and Enjoyment Class utilising Project Based Learning <p>The objective of this study was to examine the impact of project-based learning (PBL) on enhancing students' proficiency in narrative writing. The study employed a mixed methods approach, specifically utilising a quasi-experimental design and incorporating writing test and interview as a data collection method.The total sampel was 54 students in experiment and control group. The utilisation of Project-based Learning in the composition of narrative texts yielded more favourable outcomes in enhancing students' writing proficiency, as evidenced by the analysis of data. It has been demonstrated that the value of the t-statistic exceeded the critical value. The results indicated that 44% of students demonstrated improvement according to the established criteria following the intervention. Based on the findings from the interview session, it was observed that students who underwent Project-based Learning (PBL) expressed a sense of satisfaction. This can be attributed to the fact that PBL proved to be effective in assisting students in attaining their writing objectives by the conclusion of the academic term.</p> Yeni Rahmawati, Khusnul Khatimah, Dzul Rachman Copyright (c) 2023 Yeni Rahmawati, Khusnul Khatimah, Dzul Rachman Wed, 30 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Development of a Four Tier Diagnostic Test Instrument Based on iSpring Suite 9 to Identify Understanding of Concepts in Students <p>Evaluation is important to measure the achievement of learning outcomes. Multiple choices, form of test, is commonly used in learning evaluation. However, in the real situation shows that multiple choice tests make students choose the answers randomly. This study was conducted to provide a solution by developing a Four Tier Diagnostic Test based on iSpring Suite 9 to identify students' conceptual understanding of Static Fluid. This research methodology employed Research &amp; Development (R&amp;D). The subject in this study were students of the Faculty of Engineering at Universitas Islam Syekh-Yusuf who are studying Basic Physics. Data collection techniques use observation, interviews, tests, validation sheets, and questionnaires. The validation results of material experts are 93%, media experts are 84% so that they are included in the very feasible category. The validity of the test showed that 35 items were valid, and 7 questions were invalid. The reliability of the test is 0.93. The index of difficulty consists of 3 easy, 35 moderate and 4 difficult. The discriminating power of each item included 16 very good questions, 9 good questions, 11 enough questions, 5 bad questions and 1 very bad item. Student response to this instrument is 74.83% included in the high category. This test can identify four levels of students' understanding of concepts, namely understanding concepts, not understanding concepts, partially understanding and misconceptions. Based on the results, the Four Tier Diagnostic Test based on iSpring Suite 9 has met the criteria for a good instrument and is suitable for use.</p> Asri Nurhafsari, Febri Rismaningsih Copyright (c) 2023 Asri Nurhafsari, Febri Rismaningsih Wed, 30 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Aligning Pedagogical Beliefs and Technology Integration in English Language Teaching: A Multiple-Case Study of Islamic Senior High School EFL Teachers <p>Understanding how teachers' pedagogical beliefs regarding language teaching and learning have been transferred into technology integration practices in English teaching would assist teachers in optimizing learning outcomes and facilitating teaching-learning. The purpose of this study is to explore how language teachers' pedagogical beliefs, which beliefs about language instruction and learning that have been translated into technology integration in English instructional practice. This study used a case study as the research design, this research also used other instruments, there were interview guidelines, documents checklist, and observation form/field notes. The data analysis of this study consisted of two phases: within-case analysis (phase 1) and cross-case analysis (phase 2). The results of this study showed rule-based practices with technology implemented by teachers. In this study typically entailed using technology to support grammar and practice in the classroom. Also, it showed the purposeful study and assessment or application of grammatical rules within appropriate contexts. Moreover, the integration of Islamic education with science and technology learning is expected to be meaningful and easily understandable. Therefore, the goal of Islamic education in leading students to recognize, understand, contemplate, believe, and have a noble character in implementing the teachings of Islam from the primary source, the holy book of Al-Quran and Al-Hadith, can be accomplished through teaching guidance, practicing, and the use of experience</p> Linda Sari, Effendi Limbong, Yuni Utami Asih Copyright (c) 2023 Linda Sari, Effendi Limbong, Yuni Utami Asih Wed, 30 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The Implementation of the Reciprocal Teaching Strategy for Enhancing Listening Comprehension <p style="line-height: normal; font-size: 14px; font-family: 'Calibri',sans-serif; text-align: justify; margin: 0cm;"><span style="font-size: 16px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">In order to demonstrate the value of reciprocal classroom strategies for improving students' listening abilities, this research examines the effectiveness of the approach by focuses on many modern pedagogic theories this strategy agrees with, demonstrating its efficacy as a technique that can be used in classrooms. Participating in this study were 78 students from Mulawarman University's English department. Three methods of data collection, tests, interviews, and observations have been used to gather the data. The numeric data were calculated using the ratter’s indicating the rating, and the qualitative data were examined using the constant comparative method. The study's findings showed that Reciprocal Teaching should succeed in overcoming beginners' difficulties with listening, keyword detection, identifying grammar and vocabulary, and differentiating remarkable sounds. The lectures are encouraged to implement the research's findings in order to help inheritor students learn to listen through reciprocal teaching. The enhancement of Reciprocal Teaching illustrated shape implies rating of pre-check became 43, increasing to first post-test 76.6 and second post-test 87.</span><span style="font-size: 16px; line-height: 125%; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">The goal of the study is to understand how much Reciprocal Teaching helps students overcome the obstacles to effective listening as well as the learning environment that results from its use. The importance of listening skills is discussed in the final section of the paper, along with how reciprocal teaching strategies can be used to develop students' higher-order thinking abilities and then engage them in meaningful conversations that will help them speak more effectively.</span></p> Ichi Ahada Copyright (c) 2023 Ichi Ahada Wed, 30 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The Effect of Teaching English Vocabulary on Junior High School Students By Using <p>The use of web in the teaching and learning process is one of the fun and challenging learning innovations such as With this web students can memorize and remember vocabulary with interesting games. offers a variety of interesting and original vocabulary-building games. The researchers discovered a problem through interview with a teacher: student scores are still low in one area of the assessment, so the purpose of this research was to investigate the impact of using on students’ English vocabulary in SMP Negeri 1 Wonoayu. This research used a true-experimental design with 35 students in the experimental group and 35 students in the control group. A vocabulary test was one of the research tools utilized in this study to gather data. The treatment was carried out for 3 weeks. The data analysis results revealed that there was difference between mean score of pre-test and post-test in both groups. The pre-test mean score was 65.00 (experimental group) and 57.73 (control group) and the post-test average score was 89.13 (experimental group) and 77.90 (control group). With SPSS version 26, an independent sample t-test was used to analyze the data. The result showed that the probability value of both groups is 0.001, so it indicates that wordwall influences students’ vocabulary improvement. Therefore, it might be suggested that applying was beneficial in increasing students' vocabulary knowledge.</p> Friza Shabrina, Wahyu Taufiq Copyright (c) 2023 Friza Shabrina, Wahyu Taufiq Thu, 10 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The Correlation Between Visual, Auditory, and Kinesthetic Student's Learning Styles and Writing Skill <p>Students study in a variety of ways or styles. Understanding and learning challenges may be impacted by this learning style. One of the numerous types of research is on learning style. Student’s learning styles and diverse learning methods might help them become better writers in English. This research aims to demonstrate how students' learning styles and the development of their writing skill are related. The participants in this research are VIII-A graders at one of the Muhammadiyah private schools in Sidoarjo. This correlation study used a Likert scale questionnaire as the instrument. The answers to the questionnaire were then connected with the students' writing scores using a quantitative research strategy and the correlation with IBM SPSS 26. The researchers found that the result of testing the hypothesis (r<sub>count</sub>) was 0.641 and the score (r<sub>table</sub>) was 0.515 indicating that the score of r<sub>count</sub>&gt;r<sub>table</sub> was 0.641&gt;0.515. This means that Ha is accepted and H0 is rejected which has a positive meaning or there is a significant relationship between students' visual, auditory, and kinesthetic learning styles and students' writing skill. This study implies that each student has certain learning style so that in the classroom instruction the teachers need to be aware their different characteristics to optimize the students’ learning outcomes including in English writing class</p> Mutiara Noor Imani, Fika Megawati Copyright (c) 2023 Mutiara Noor Imani, Fika Megawati Tue, 08 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Aplication of the TikTok Assisted Problem-Based Learning Model on Straight-Line Equations <p>This study aims to see how the application of the problem-based learning model was assisted by the TikTok application on straight-line equations. This research was qualitative research using a descriptive approach. The subjects in this study were 19 class VIII-I students of SMPN 9 Bayung Lencir. The data obtained in this study were analyzed through several stages, namely reducing data, presenting data, and verifying data or drawing conclusions. The research instruments used were tests and interviews. The results of the study show that students enjoy participating in the learning process using the problem-based learning model and learning videos using the TikTok application. The results of the interviews concluded that students felt happy and enthusiastic about learning straight-line equations material because the application of problem-based learning models and learning videos using the TikTok application was their first experience and was a pleasant experience. In addition, the advantage of using learning videos using the TikTok application is that learning videos can be played back anytime and anywhere so students find it helpful when they want to repeat learning material. Furthermore, the results of observations made by the teacher concluded that the use of video learning based on the TikTok application was able to make students more focused, and more active and students were not sleepy during the learning process</p> Dian Fitra, Desyanti Br Sinaga Copyright (c) 2023 Dian Fitra, Desyanti Br Sinaga Sat, 12 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Applying Learning by Teaching Strategy in Learning TOEFL: Strength and Weaknesses <p>This research is aiming at revealing the strength and weaknesses of applying learning by teaching strategy in learning TOEFL. Since TOEFL is regarded as a challenging English proficiency test, the students need to find the suitable strategy in mastering TOEFL. This research belongs to survey research. It utilizes descriptive qualitative data analysis. Several steps were taken in this study, namely: designing survey, writing questions, designing sample, conducting the survey, analyzing the data. Then, the instruments used in this research were questionnaires. The data were analyzed descriptively. Based on search result, the strength of applying learning by teaching strategy are: (1) easiness, (2) practice public speaking, (3) peer-correction, (4) responsible, (5) independent. While the weaknesses are: (1) pronunciation, (2) classroom management, (3) psychological problem, (4) difficulties in transferring the material.</p> Ratri Nur Hidayati, Arilia Triyoga, Fitri Merawati Copyright (c) 2023 Ratri Nur Hidayati, Arilia Triyoga, Fitri Merawati Thu, 24 Aug 2023 19:21:52 +0700 The Threat of Social Network Games in Indonesia <p>This research examines the potential threat through SNG in Indonesia. The theories of threat, social media, cyber, and network society are used to analyze the research problem through qualitative analysis. Data was obtained through interviews and literature studies. The results of the study show that the potential threat on SNG includes ideological threats in society, growing illegal and pornographic content, theft of personal data, illegal monitoring of user activities, online fraud, cyberbullying, inappropriate content, dependence, and cyber attacks that threaten the activities of social network game users in Indonesia.</p> Sandy, Djoko Andoko, Poppy Setiawati Nurisnaeny, Mira Murniasari Copyright (c) 2023 Sandy, Djoko Andoko, Poppy Setiawati Nurisnaeny, Mira Murniasari Sat, 26 Aug 2023 00:45:36 +0700 Translation Analysis of Romanticism In 50 First Dates Movie <p>50 First Dates is a movie that broadly known around the globe in 2004 as one of the best romantic comedy movie in the 2000s. This research aims to analyze type of romanticism and the translation techniques used in the 50 First Dates movie subtitle in Amazon Prime Video. This research uses qualitative method with case study as a research design. This research uses document analysis with transcript and subtitle of the movie. The data are analyzed using theory from Lomas (2018) in finding the type of romanticism and theory by Molina and Albir (2002) to find out the types of translation techniques. Based on findings, there are 6 types of love found out of 14, namely: Philia (31.03%), Storge (25.28%), Paixnidi (21.83%), Ananke (13.79%), Epithymia (5.74%) and Pragma (2.29%). Regarding the translation techniques, 9 out of 18 types of translation techniques are found, namely; Established Equivalent (47.61%), Linguistics Compression (15.87%), Borrowing (8.73%), Reduction (8.73%), Compensation (7.93%), Linguistics Amplification (4.76%), Modulation (3.17%), Amplifications (2.38%) and Particularization (0.79%). Based on the data, the researcher found that the translation used more than one translation techniques. Therefore, the researcher grouped them into single (59.77%), duplet (31.03%), triplet (8.04%), and quadruplet group (1.14%). From the findings, it can be concluded that the most found type of love is Philia. On the other hand, the most dominant type of translation techniques is Established Equivalent with various combinations.</p> Robi Aji Sugihartono, Muh. Aprianto Budie Nugroho, Yuniarti Copyright (c) 2023 Robi Aji Sugihartono, Muh. Aprianto Budie Nugroho, Yuniarti Mon, 28 Aug 2023 09:01:33 +0700 Analysis of Vocabulary Mastery and Critical Thinking Skills as Preparation for Scientific Presentations <p>The significance of students possessing public speaking skills is an issue that requires attention. As a university student, proficiency in public speaking, in this instance scientific presentations, is unquestionably essential. This is essential if you want to give a presentation, complete an assignment, participate in the community during KKN, etc. Clearly, doing all of this would be a very essential task. In this case, Public Speaking skills in the form of scientific presentations are often used by students, particularly during lectures, from the beginning to the final assignment that must be completed is the skill of presenting a scientific work. In almost all courses, students are frequently required to write and present scientific papers. Presentation is a form of communication that facilitates logical, precise, and persuasive thought. This study seeks to determine the direct relationship between vocabulary mastery and critical thinking skills and students' abilities to present scientific work. This research method is qualitative description, which provides explanations in the form of descriptions based on data from a variety of scientific sources. Using this methodology, researchers are able to explain in detail and in an organized manner the impact of vocabulary mastery and critical thinking skills on students' capacity to present scientific work. Based on the collection, analysis, and research of scientific data and references. The current research will investigate the relationship between vocabulary mastery and critical thinking skills, as well as the impact of these two factors on students' abilities to create scientific presentations</p> Septi Nurhayati Copyright (c) 2023 Septi Nurhayati Wed, 30 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700