ANALISIS KESULITAN SISWA DALAM PEMECAHAN MASALAH MATEMATIKA PADA MATERI ARITMETIKA, ALJABAR, STATISTIKA, DAN GEOMETRI

  • risa mahdayani Widya Gama Mahakam University
Abstract views: 1380 , PDF downloads: 1406

Abstract

 The aim of this research is to describe the percentage of class IX students of SMPN at Yogyakarta City who get difficulties in terms of the types of difficulty based on solving problem steps in all math materials and based on each material such as arithmetics, algebra, statistics and geometry. This research is included in survey research with quantitative approaches. The research result suggests that at diagnostic test of all materials, the percentage of students who have reading difficulty is 47.4%, comprehension difficulty 51.5%, transformation difficulty 74.3%, process skill difficulty 80.4%, and encoding difficulty 80.4%. For arithmetics materials the reading difficulty is 52,.6%, comprehension difficulty 68.1%, transformation difficulty 94.8%, process skill difficulty 95.8%, and encoding difficulty 95.8%. As for algebra materials the reading difficulty is 61.8%, comprehension difficulty 65.9%, transformation difficulty 77.3%, process skill difficulty 80.4%, and encoding difficulty 80.4%. For the statistics materials the reading difficulty is 54.6%, comprehension difficulty 54.6%, transformation difficulty 83.5%, process skill difficulty 91.7%, and encoding difficulty 91.7%. For the geometry materials reading difficulty is 34.1%, comprehension difficulty 35.1%, transformation difficulty 51.5%, process skill difficulty 70.1%, and encoding difficulty 70.1%.

 

Keywords: analysis of difficulties, difficulty of students, math problem solving

References

Abdurrahman, M. (2012). Anak berkesulitan belajar: teori, diagnosis, dan remedialnya. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Brumbaugh, D. K, Moch, P. L., & Wilkinson, M. (2005). Mathematics content for elementary teachers. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associated.

Ciltas, A., & Tatar, E. (2011). Diagnosing learning difficulties related to the equation and inequality that contain terms with absolute value. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 3(2), 461-473.

Conney. T.J., Davis, J.E., & Henderson, B. K. (1975). Dynamics of teaching secondary school mathematics. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Haryani, D. (2011, Mei). Pembelajaran matematika dengan pemecahan masalah untuk menumbuhkankembangkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa. Makalah disajikan dalam Seminar Nasional Penelitian, Pendidikan dan Penerapan MIPA, di Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Irham, M., & Wiyani, N, A. (2013). Psikologi pendidikan: teori dan aplikasi dalam proses pembelajaran. Jogjakarta: Ar-ruz Media.

Khiat, H. (2010). A grounded theory approach: conceptions of understanding in engineering mathematics learning. The Qualitative Report, 15(6), 1459-1488.

Lerner, J. W., & Kline, F. (2006). Learning disabilities and related disorders. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Mahmudi, A. (2008, Desember). Pembelajaran problem posing untuk meningkatkan kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematika. Makalah disajikan dalam Seminar Nasional Matematika, di UNPAD.

Martin, et .al. (2005). Teaching science for all children: inquiry methods for constructing understading. Boston : Pearson Education.

NCTM. (2000). Principles and standards for school mathematics. Reston: The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.

Posamentier, A. S., Smith, B. S., & Stepelman, J. (2010). Teaching secondary school mathematics: teaching and enrichment units (8th ed.). Boston: Pearson Education, Inc.

Prakitipong, N., & Nakamura, S. (2006). Analysis of mathematics performance of grade five students in thailand using Newman procedurs. Journal International Cooperation in Education, 9(1), 111-112.

Seifi, M., Haghverdi, M., & Azismohamadi, f. (2012). Reconition of student’s difficulties in solving mathematical word problems from the viewpoint of teacher. Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, 2(3), 2923-2928.

Sternberg, R. B., & Ben-Zeev, T. (1996). The nature of mathematical thinking. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Suwarto. (2013). Pengembangan tes diagnostik dalam pembelajaran. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Belajar.

Tambychik, T., & Meerah, T.S.M. (2010). Students’ difficulties in mathematics problem-solving: what do they say?. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 8, 142-151. Diambil pada tanggal 29 Oktober 2013, dari

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877042810021257

Westwood, P. (2000). Numeracy and learning difficulties: approaches to teaching and assessment. Camberwell: The Australian Council For Education Research.

White, A. L. (2005). Active mathematics in classrooms; Finding out why children make mistake-and then doing something to help them. Square One, 15(4), 15-19.

Published
2016-12-14
How to Cite
mahdayani risa. (2016). ANALISIS KESULITAN SISWA DALAM PEMECAHAN MASALAH MATEMATIKA PADA MATERI ARITMETIKA, ALJABAR, STATISTIKA, DAN GEOMETRI. PENDAS MAHAKAM: Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar, 1(1), 86-98. Retrieved from https://jurnal.fkip-uwgm.ac.id/index.php/pendasmahakam/article/view/39
Section
Articles