Do I Speak Anxiously? A Correlation of Self-Efficacy, Foreign Language Learning Anxiety and Speaking Performance of Indonesian EFL Learners


  • Istanti Hermagustiana a:1:{s:5:"en_US";s:22:"Universitas Mulawarman";}
  • Anjar Dwi Astuti Universitas Mulawarman
  • Didik Sucahyo Universitas Mulawarman




Self-efficacy and foreign language learning anxiety are already known as two importantly affective variables in learning a foreign language. However, little is known about the relationships between the two affective variables with learners’ speaking performance. Therefore, this present study seeks to figure out: the EFL learners’ self-efficacy, foreign language learning anxiety (FLLA), speaking performance, and the correlation between their speaking performance and self-efficacy, speaking performance and FLLA, and self-efficacy and FLLA.


A correlational design was selected to answer the research questions. Seventy students of the sixth semester got involved in this study. Three research instruments were applied, namely: a self-efficacy questionnaire, a FLLA questionnaire, and one speaking test used to measure students’ speaking performance.


Based on these results, it can be concluded that the null hypothesis (Ho) was rejected, while the alternative hypothesis (Ha) was accepted. Therefore, there was a significantly positive correlation between speaking performance and self-efficacy and a negative correlation between speaking performance and FLLA, and between self-efficacy and FLLA. It means that student with high-level speaking performance will have high-level of self-efficacy. Then, the higher students’ speaking performance is, the lower their FLLA becomes. It is in line with the correlation between students’ self-efficacy and FLLA, that student with high-level of self-efficacy would has low FLLA.