EFL Teachers’ Use of Digital Technology to Facilitate M-Learning


  • Dzul Rachman Universitas Muhammadiyah Kalimantan Timur http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8697-7773
  • Anis Firdatul Rochma Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Paulus Widiatmoko Universitas Kristen Duta Wacana, Indonesia




digital technology, , m-learning, online instruction


Taking the concept of mobile-learning as development of instructional technology of what commonly called e-learning, this study aimed to firstly identify the digital products and approach used by EFL teachers for online instruction. Moreover, frequently used digital technologies chosen by the teachers along with contextual factors of using them were investigated. To achieve these objectives, SAMR (substitution, Adaptation, Modification, and Redefinition) model was selected as the framework of corresponding the technology use with the four levels to facilitate effective online instruction. Descriptive analysis of a questionnaire distributed to twenty-three English teachers from four universities in Indonesia resulted in almost equal distribution of technology use to facilitate m-learning purposes within the four levels. Moreover, contextual factors related to the institutional policy of online learning, the features and nature of the technology products, and the students’ varied challenges were admitted affecting teachers’ use of digital technology to facilitate m-learning.

Author Biography

Dzul Rachman, Universitas Muhammadiyah Kalimantan Timur

Dzul completed his Master's degree in English Education at Mulawarman University in 2016. He has dedication and is capable in conducting qualitative research that has potential to generate practical outcomes related to education with years of experiences. His researches mostly focus on the use of technology in education, ICT in higher education, and teachers’ education and professional developments of educators.


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How to Cite

Rachman, D., Anis Firdatul Rochma, & Paulus Widiatmoko. (2022). EFL Teachers’ Use of Digital Technology to Facilitate M-Learning. Borneo Educational Journal (Borju), 5(1), 11–26. https://doi.org/10.24903/bej.v5i1.1084